Ordo Ab Chao


The Early Grand Rite of Scotland

In the 18th century some Scottish Templar Encampments received warrants from Ireland and they worked a collection of degrees from various sources. This developed into the Early Grand Rite of Scotland. The Early Grand Royal Arch Chapter of Scotland and the Supreme Grand Royal Arch Chapter of Scotland united in 1895. The Grand Encampment of the Temple and Malta in Scotland obtained independence from Irish control in 1822, and united with the Great Priory of the Temple in Scotland in 1909. The Scottish Grand Council of Rites became dormant, and most of its degrees are now controlled (but not worked) by the Grand College of Holy Royal Arch Knight Templar Priests in Newcastle upon Tyne.


The Early Grand Mother Royal Arch Chapter

4º Funeral Master,
5º Fellow Craft Mark,
6º Marked Master.
7º Architect,
8º Grand Architect,
9º Master of the Blue or Knight of Solomon,
10º Past Master or Master of all Symbolic Lodges,
11º Royal Ark Mariner,
12º Fugitive Mark,
13º Link and Chain,
14º Jacob's Wrestle or Sublime Master,
15º Order of the Scarlet Cord, (Heroin of Jerico)
16º Order of Brotherly Love, (Secret Monitor)
17º Royal Master,
18º Select Master,
19º Most Excellent Master,
20º Excellent Mason,
21º Super-Excellent Mason,
22º Holy Royal Arch,

The Early Grand Encampment of the Temple and Malta

23º Knight of the Red Cross of Rome and Constantine,
25º Knights of St. John,
26º Knight of the Christian Mark,
27º Holy and Illustrious Order of the Cross.
28º The Pilgrim,
29º Knight Templar,
30º Knights of St. Paul or Mediterranean Pass,
31º Knights of Malta,

The Scottish Grand Council of Rites

32º Prince of Babylon, Suspending Cross of Babylon,
33º Prince Mason,
34º Knight of the Black Cross,
35º Knight of Bethany,
36º Knight of the White Cross,
37º Knight of Patmos,
38º Knight of Death,
39º Knight of the Rosy cross of St. Andrew, Heredom of Kilwinning,
40º Knight of the Black and White Eagle,
41º Priestly Order of the Temple, or White Mason,
42º Priest of the Sun,
43º Priest of Eleusis,
44º The Mother Word, or Royal Secret.


Appendant degrees of the Grand College of the
Holy Royal Arch Knight Templar Priests

I° Funeral Master
II° Master of the Blue or Knight of Solomon
III° Most Excellent Master
IV° Excellent Mason and Master of the Veils
V° Sublime Master of Jacob's Wrestle
VI° Fugitive Mark
VII° Architect
VIII° Order of the Scarlet Cord of Knight of Rahab
IX° Knight of the Three Kings or The Balance
X° Knight of the North
XI° Knight of the South
XII° Knight of Patmos or Philippi
XIII° Knight of Redemption
XIV° Knight of Death or Elysium
XV° Knight of the Holy Grave
XVI° Knight of the Christian Mark
XVII° Knight of Bethany
XVIII° Knight of the Royal Prussian Blue
XIX° Knight of Eleusis
XX° Knight of Palestine
XXI° Knight of St. John the Baptist
XXII° Knight of the Cross
XXIII° Knight of the Black Cross
XXIV° Knight of the White Cross
XXV° Knight of the White Cross Torpichen
XXVI° Knight of the Suspended Cross of Babylon
XXVII° Knight of the Red Cross of Jerusalem
XXVIII° Knight of the Red Cross or Roseae Crucis
XXIX° Knight of the Triple Cross
XXX° Grand Cross of St. John
XXXI° Made free from Harodim
XXXII° Holy Royal Arch Knight Templar Priest


The Universal Free Mason Magazine -


Bro. John Knight of Redruth’s Manuscript, 1811 (Library of the UGLE)
(Also used by Bro. Thomas Dunckerley)
  1. Entered Apprentice
  2. Fellow Craft
  3. Mark Man or Foreman of the Fellow Crafts
  4. Master Mason
  5. Mark Master or Mark Mason or Scot man of Mk Masonry
  6. Master of Arts and Sciences or Passed the Chair
  7. Architects
  8. Grand Architects
  9. Excellent or 81 Deputy Grand Masters
  10. Super Excellent or 9 Supreme Dep. G.M.
  11. Red Cross (of Babylon)
  12. Sublime Degrees of Royal Arch:
  13. Royal Arch - point 1 - Preparing
  14. Royal Arch - point 2 - Dedicating
  15. Royal Arch - point 3 - Decorated
  16. Royal Arch - point 4 - Advanced
  17. Royal Arch - point 5 - Circumscribed
  18. Royal Ark Masons, Marioners or Noachites also Prusian Masons
  19. Knights Templar
  20. Mediterranean Pass
  21. Knights of Malta or Malta Orders
  22. Knights of the East
  23. Knights of the West
  24. Knights of the North
  25. Knights of the South
  26. Rosy-Crusian or Ne Plus Ultra

Sundry Orders

  1. Link
  2. Wrestle
  3. Prussian Blue
  4. Red Cross
  5. Black Cross
  6. White Cross
  7. Elysian Knights or Order of Death
  8. Priestly Order of Seven Pillars
  9. Sepulchre
  10. Patmos or Order of Philippi
  11. Knight of St John of Jerusalem
  12. Knight of St Paul


Bro. William Finch’s system of degrees

  1. Entered Apprentice
  2. Fellow Craft
  3. Mark Mason
  4. Master Mason
  5. Mark Master
  6. Architects
  7. Grand Architects
  8. Excellent
  9. Super Excellent
  10. Red Cross
  11. Royal Arch:
  12. - Suspended point
  13. - Dedicated point
  14. - Advanced point
  15. - Circumscribed point
  16. Royal Ark Mariners
  17. Herodian Order (3rd Temple)
  18. Herodian Order (3rd Temple)
  19. E, W, N, S Knights
  20. E, W, N, S Knights
  21. E, W, N, S Knights
  22. Knights Templar
  23. Mediterranean Pass
  24. Knights of Malta
  25. Rosycrusian


Books by Bro. William Finch:

Masonic Treatise with an Elucidation on the Religious and Moral Beauties of Freemasonry - Translated version

Masonic Treatise with an Elucidation on the Religious and Moral Beauties of Freemasonry - Original book on Google

An elucidation on the masonic plates, etc - Original book on Google, by William Finch


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